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水上(shang)無線電的辦理(li)機構及其權柄——兼(jian)談《水上(shang)無線電辦理(li)劃定(ding)(收羅(luo)定(ding)見稿)》之完美

【字體: 2021年(nian)08月(yue)04日(ri) 17:06 來歷:CAICT無線電研討中(zhong)間 作者:梁平

克日,交(jiao)通運輸(shu)部宣(xuan)布《水上無(wu)線電(dian)辦理(li)劃定(ding)(收羅定(ding)見稿)》(以(yi)下簡稱《收羅定(ding)見稿》)公然收羅定(ding)見,進一(yi)步保證交(jiao)通行(xing)業(ye)水上無(wu)線電(dian)營業(ye)有序展開,掩護水上無(wu)線電(dian)通訊(xun)次序。定(ding)見反應停止時候(hou)為(wei)2021年8月14日。筆者(zhe)連(lian)系《中華(hua)國民共(gong)和(he)(he)國海上交(jiao)通寧(ning)靜法》《中華(hua)國民共(gong)和(he)(he)國無(wu)線電(dian)辦理(li)條例(li)》等(deng)法令律例(li),針(zhen)對水上無(wu)線電(dian)的(de)辦理(li)機構及其辦理(li)權柄等(deng)提出一(yi)些完美倡議。

恰當斟酌辦理機(ji)構(gou)稱(cheng)號變革

倡議對(dui)《收羅定見稿》中觸及(ji)的詳細辦理(li)機構(gou)(gou)稱(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)號(hao)(如交通運輸部、海事局等)點竄成(cheng)諸(zhu)如“主管機構(gou)(gou)”的表(biao)述。這是因為受機構(gou)(gou)鼎新等影響,各級辦理(li)機構(gou)(gou)不只能夠呈現稱(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)號(hao)變(bian)革,并(bing)且能夠存在撤(che)并(bing)等題(ti)目(mu),若(ruo)利(li)用詳細辦理(li)機構(gou)(gou)稱(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)號(hao),一旦機構(gou)(gou)撤(che)并(bing)或稱(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)號(hao)產生(sheng)變(bian)革,就(jiu)須要(yao)對(dui)觸及(ji)的法令標(biao)準停止點竄。

2020年(nian)11月(yue)29日(ri)宣布的(de)《國(guo)(guo)(guo)務(wu)院對于點竄(cuan)和(he)廢除(chu)局部(bu)行(xing)政律例(li)的(de)決議》,將《對于外商(shang)到場打撈中(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)內地水域沉船沉物辦理(li)(li)方法(fa)》中(zhong)的(de)“中(zhong)華國(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)共和(he)邦交(jiao)(jiao)通部(bu)”點竄(cuan)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)“國(guo)(guo)(guo)務(wu)院交(jiao)(jiao)通運(yun)(yun)輸(shu)主(zhu)(zhu)管(guan)(guan)部(bu)分(fen)(fen)”即為例(li)證(zheng)。參照2021年(nian)4月(yue)29日(ri)訂正的(de)《中(zhong)華國(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)共和(he)國(guo)(guo)(guo)海(hai)上(shang)交(jiao)(jiao)通寧靜法(fa)》,倡議將《收羅定見稿》中(zhong)的(de)“交(jiao)(jiao)通運(yun)(yun)輸(shu)部(bu)無線電辦理(li)(li)機(ji)構”同(tong)一點竄(cuan)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)“國(guo)(guo)(guo)務(wu)院交(jiao)(jiao)通運(yun)(yun)輸(shu)主(zhu)(zhu)管(guan)(guan)部(bu)分(fen)(fen)無線電辦理(li)(li)機(ji)構”;將“交(jiao)(jiao)通運(yun)(yun)輸(shu)部(bu)海(hai)事局”同(tong)一點竄(cuan)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)“國(guo)(guo)(guo)務(wu)院交(jiao)(jiao)通主(zhu)(zhu)管(guan)(guan)部(bu)分(fen)(fen)海(hai)事辦理(li)(li)機(ji)構”或“國(guo)(guo)(guo)度海(hai)事辦理(li)(li)機(ji)構”。能(neng)夠后者為主(zhu)(zhu),更簡練了(le)然。

與上(shang)位法停止有(you)用跟尾

倡議《收羅定(ding)見稿》對違(wei)背上位法(fa)(首(shou)要是指《中(zhong)華國(guo)(guo)民共(gong)和國(guo)(guo)無線電(dian)辦理(li)條例(li)》)設定(ding)的辦理(li)權限存在抵(di)牾的條則予以點竄。《收羅定(ding)見稿》屬(shu)于(yu)部(bu)(bu)分規章(zhang),《中(zhong)華國(guo)(guo)民共(gong)和國(guo)(guo)無線電(dian)辦理(li)條例(li)》屬(shu)于(yu)行政律例(li),前者不得(de)違(wei)背后者,且同一部(bu)(bu)立法(fa)中(zhong)的條則應(ying)防止彼此抵(di)牾。

其一(yi),倡議刪(shan)除(chu)《收(shou)羅(luo)定見稿》第(di)(di)三條(tiao)(tiao)第(di)(di)五款“各直屬海事局(ju)及其分(fen)支(zhi)(zhi)機(ji)構(gou)(gou),按(an)照職責權限,擔任(ren)水(shui)(shui)上無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)行(xing)政允(yun)(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)任(ren)務”。因為此處的(de)(de)“水(shui)(shui)上無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)行(xing)政允(yun)(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)”該(gai)當最少包含水(shui)(shui)上無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)公用頻次利(li)用允(yun)(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)和(he)無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)臺站的(de)(de)設置、利(li)用允(yun)(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)。一(yi)方(fang)面(mian),《中華國民共(gong)和(he)國無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)(ban)(ban)理(li)(li)條(tiao)(tiao)例(li)》第(di)(di)十八條(tiao)(tiao)第(di)(di)二(er)款劃定,公用頻次由(you)地點地省(sheng)、自(zi)治區、直轄(xia)市無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)(ban)(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)構(gou)(gou)會同(tong)交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)運(yun)輸(shu)主(zhu)管部(bu)分(fen)無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)(ban)(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)構(gou)(gou)實行(xing)允(yun)(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)。《中華國民共(gong)和(he)國行(xing)政允(yun)(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)法(fa)(fa)》第(di)(di)二(er)十二(er)條(tiao)(tiao)、第(di)(di)二(er)十四條(tiao)(tiao)的(de)(de)劃定,不能(neng)以(yi)“按(an)照職責權限”為由(you)對行(xing)政允(yun)(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)權停(ting)止變(bian)革。但《收(shou)羅(luo)定見稿》第(di)(di)十條(tiao)(tiao)劃定,“國度無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)(ban)(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)構(gou)(gou)分(fen)派給交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)運(yun)輸(shu)行(xing)業利(li)用的(de)(de)水(shui)(shui)上無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)公用頻次,由(you)地點地省(sheng)、自(zi)治區、直轄(xia)市無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)(ban)(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)構(gou)(gou)別離會同(tong)交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)運(yun)輸(shu)部(bu)無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)(ban)(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)構(gou)(gou)實行(xing)允(yun)(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)。”這與行(xing)政允(yun)(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)法(fa)(fa)、無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)(ban)(ban)理(li)(li)條(tiao)(tiao)例(li)的(de)(de)相干劃定,存在抵(di)牾。另(ling)外一(yi)方(fang)面(mian),按(an)照無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)(ban)(ban)理(li)(li)條(tiao)(tiao)例(li)第(di)(di)三十六(liu)條(tiao)(tiao)的(de)(de)劃定,船舶(bo)無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)臺(站)執照的(de)(de)行(xing)政允(yun)(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)部(bu)分(fen)該(gai)當是“國務院交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)運(yun)輸(shu)主(zhu)管部(bu)分(fen)無(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)電(dian)線(xian)(xian)(xian)辦(ban)(ban)(ban)(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)構(gou)(gou)”而非“直屬海事局(ju)及其分(fen)支(zhi)(zhi)機(ji)構(gou)(gou)”。

其(qi)二,倡議將《收羅定見稿》第(di)(di)十(shi)八條(tiao)(tiao)(tiao)第(di)(di)二款(kuan)和第(di)(di)三款(kuan)中(zhong)(zhong)的“交通運(yun)輸(shu)部(bu)海事局”點(dian)竄成“國(guo)(guo)務院交通運(yun)輸(shu)主管部(bu)分無線(xian)電(dian)辦理(li)機(ji)構”。不(bu)然,其(qi)不(bu)只與《中(zhong)(zhong)華國(guo)(guo)民共和國(guo)(guo)無線(xian)電(dian)辦理(li)條(tiao)(tiao)(tiao)例》第(di)(di)三十(shi)六條(tiao)(tiao)(tiao)抵牾,并且(qie)與《收羅定見稿》第(di)(di)二十(shi)一(yi)條(tiao)(tiao)(tiao)(水上無線(xian)電(dian)公(gong)用頻(pin)次利用允許資料(liao)的受理(li)機(ji)構)、第(di)(di)二十(shi)二條(tiao)(tiao)(tiao)(請求(qiu)船舶(bo)制(zhi)式無線(xian)電(dian)臺執(zhi)照所(suo)需信息的受理(li)機(ji)構)所(suo)劃定的“交通運(yun)輸(shu)部(bu)無線(xian)電(dian)辦理(li)機(ji)構”相抵牾。

其三(san),《收羅定(ding)(ding)見稿(gao)》第(di)(di)二(er)十(shi)五條(tiao)第(di)(di)一(yi)款(kuan)、第(di)(di)二(er)十(shi)八(ba)條(tiao)、第(di)(di)三(san)十(shi)一(yi)條(tiao)第(di)(di)三(san)款(kuan)劃定(ding)(ding)的行(xing)政主體是“交通(tong)運輸部(bu)直屬海(hai)事(shi)局及分(fen)支機構”,與(yu)《收羅定(ding)(ding)見稿(gao)》第(di)(di)十(shi)八(ba)條(tiao)第(di)(di)二(er)款(kuan)劃定(ding)(ding)的“交通(tong)運輸部(bu)海(hai)事(shi)局”不(bu)分(fen)歧(qi)。倡議對《收羅定(ding)(ding)見稿(gao)》第(di)(di)十(shi)八(ba)條(tiao)第(di)(di)二(er)款(kuan)的行(xing)政主體停止點(dian)竄(cuan),將這(zhe)3個條(tiao)目響應地(di)點(dian)竄(cuan)成“國務院交通(tong)運輸主管部(bu)分(fen)無線電辦理機構”。

其四,《收羅定(ding)見(jian)稿》第二十(shi)(shi)三(san)條(tiao)(tiao)劃(hua)定(ding)“向國度無(wu)(wu)(wu)線電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機(ji)構(gou)、省、自治區、直轄市無(wu)(wu)(wu)線電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機(ji)構(gou)或交(jiao)通(tong)運輸(shu)部(bu)無(wu)(wu)(wu)線電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機(ji)構(gou)報(bao)告”,雖然利用“或”標明屬于挑選干系,但有(you)擴展《中(zhong)華國民共和國無(wu)(wu)(wu)線電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)條(tiao)(tiao)例》第三(san)十(shi)(shi)七(qi)條(tiao)(tiao)劃(hua)定(ding)的(de)“向無(wu)(wu)(wu)線電(dian)臺(tai)(站)地(di)點地(di)無(wu)(wu)(wu)線電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機(ji)構(gou)報(bao)告”規模(mo)的(de)懷疑。這是因為無(wu)(wu)(wu)線電(dian)臺(tai)(站)分為牢固臺(tai)址和無(wu)(wu)(wu)牢固臺(tai)址,無(wu)(wu)(wu)線電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)條(tiao)(tiao)例第三(san)十(shi)(shi)七(qi)條(tiao)(tiao)對(dui)(dui)“地(di)點地(di)”的(de)界定(ding)也須(xu)要進一步明白,《收羅定(ding)見(jian)稿》對(dui)(dui)此(ci)應更明白。

其五,《收羅定(ding)見稿》第(di)(di)二十八條劃定(ding)“告(gao)(gao)訴請求人(ren)并申明來由(you)”,與(yu)《中華(hua)國民共(gong)和國無線(xian)電辦理條例(li)》第(di)(di)三(san)十一條劃定(ding)的(de)(de)“不予(yu)允(yun)許的(de)(de),書面告(gao)(gao)訴請求人(ren)并申明來由(you)”相抵牾,有損(sun)被允(yun)許人(ren)的(de)(de)法定(ding)權(quan)力(li),倡(chang)議將“告(gao)(gao)訴”點(dian)竄成“書面告(gao)(gao)訴”。

其六,《收羅定見稿(gao)》第(di)二十(shi)九條(tiao)劃(hua)定“船舶制(zhi)式無(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)臺(tai)執照刻日不(bu)(bu)跨越5年”,與《中(zhong)華國民共和國無(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)辦理條(tiao)例》第(di)三十(shi)三條(tiao)第(di)一(yi)款相抵牾(wu),限定了被允(yun)許人的法定權力。連(lian)系(xi)《收羅定見稿(gao)》第(di)十(shi)三條(tiao)第(di)一(yi)款,船舶制(zhi)式無(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)臺(tai)執照需獲得無(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)頻次利(li)用允(yun)許的,無(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)臺(tai)執照有用期(qi)不(bu)(bu)得跨越無(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)頻次利(li)用允(yun)許證(zheng)劃(hua)定的年限,即不(bu)(bu)跨越10年。鑒于無(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)辦理條(tiao)例第(di)三十(shi)三條(tiao)第(di)一(yi)款已(yi)有劃(hua)定,可將該句刪(shan)除,或參照該款的表述停止劃(hua)定。

倡議了了辦理部分及其職(zhi)責

其一,《收羅定(ding)見稿》第三條第二(er)款(kuan)、第四(si)條第二(er)款(kuan)、第五條,都劃定(ding)了“國(guo)務院(yuan)交(jiao)(jiao)通運(yun)(yun)輸主(zhu)(zhu)管部(bu)分無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機(ji)構(gou)”的職(zhi)責,比擬分離,且第四(si)條第二(er)款(kuan)劃定(ding)“交(jiao)(jiao)通運(yun)(yun)輸部(bu)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機(ji)構(gou)成立健(jian)全(quan)交(jiao)(jiao)通行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye)水(shui)上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)軌制,構(gou)造展開(kai)全(quan)邦交(jiao)(jiao)通行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)頻(pin)次掩(yan)護(hu)任務”,前半句(ju)是(shi)“水(shui)上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)軌制”,后半句(ju)是(shi)“全(quan)邦交(jiao)(jiao)通行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)頻(pin)次掩(yan)護(hu)”(該當不限于水(shui)上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)頻(pin)次掩(yan)護(hu)),前后內涵(han)不分歧。倡(chang)議將(jiang)其整(zheng)分解(jie)1個法令條則或1個條目,可表述為:“國(guo)務院(yuan)交(jiao)(jiao)通運(yun)(yun)輸主(zhu)(zhu)管部(bu)分無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機(ji)構(gou)在國(guo)度無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機(ji)構(gou)的營業(ye)(ye)指(zhi)點(dian)下,擔(dan)(dan)任交(jiao)(jiao)通行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)任務,成立健(jian)全(quan)交(jiao)(jiao)通行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye)水(shui)上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)軌制,兼(jian)顧(gu)成立天下同一的交(jiao)(jiao)通行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye)水(shui)上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)辦(ban)(ban)事平臺、無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)臺站數據(ju)(ju)庫、無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)監(jian)測(ce)體(ti)系(xi),擔(dan)(dan)任交(jiao)(jiao)通行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye)水(shui)上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)數據(ju)(ju)勾(gou)當和數據(ju)(ju)寧靜羈(ji)系(xi),構(gou)造展開(kai)全(quan)邦交(jiao)(jiao)通行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye)水(shui)上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)頻(pin)次掩(yan)護(hu)。”

其二(er),《收羅定(ding)見(jian)稿(gao)》第(di)(di)十(shi)(shi)一條(tiao)第(di)(di)一款(kuan)劃定(ding),“空中牢固(gu)(gu)(gu)臺址(zhi)無線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)臺(站)、衛星牢固(gu)(gu)(gu)營(ying)業無線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)臺(站)(以下統稱牢固(gu)(gu)(gu)無線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)臺站)請(qing)求利用交(jiao)通行業水上(shang)無線(xian)(xian)(xian)公用頻次的(de)(de),應向具備統領(ling)(ling)權的(de)(de)無線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦理機(ji)構(gou)請(qing)求頻次允(yun)許。”一方面,“具備統領(ling)(ling)權的(de)(de)無線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦理機(ji)構(gou)”表述(shu)不(bu)明白,另外一方面,《收羅定(ding)見(jian)稿(gao)》第(di)(di)十(shi)(shi)條(tiao)已劃定(ding)了水上(shang)無線(xian)(xian)(xian)電(dian)公用頻次的(de)(de)行政允(yun)許構(gou)造,包含(han)牢固(gu)(gu)(gu)臺址(zhi)和無牢固(gu)(gu)(gu)臺址(zhi),該條(tiao)緊接著再作此劃定(ding),不(bu)只(zhi)反復并且讓人隱晦,倡議(yi)將該款(kuan)刪除(chu)。

其三,《收(shou)羅定(ding)(ding)見(jian)稿(gao)》第十(shi)一條第二款(kuan)的內涵超越了“水上(shang)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)頻次”。第三款(kuan)劃定(ding)(ding)“省(sheng)、自治區、直轄(xia)(xia)(xia)市(shi)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)應(ying)(ying)連系交通運(yun)(yun)輸(shu)部(bu)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)的定(ding)(ding)見(jian)實(shi)行允(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)”,允(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)主體(ti)是(shi)“省(sheng)、自治區、直轄(xia)(xia)(xia)市(shi)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)”,國務院交通運(yun)(yun)輸(shu)主管部(bu)分(fen)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)只是(shi)“供給(gei)定(ding)(ding)見(jian)”,與“會(hui)(hui)(hui)同(tong)(tong)”的寄義相左。按照(zhao)天下人大常委會(hui)(hui)(hui)法制任(ren)務委員會(hui)(hui)(hui)《對于(yu)印送〈立法手藝(yi)標(biao)準(試(shi)行)(一)〉的函》之“20.1‘會(hui)(hui)(hui)同(tong)(tong)’用(yong)(yong)于(yu)法令主體(ti)之間(jian)配(pei)合(he)(he)作(zuo)出某種步履的環境(jing)。‘會(hui)(hui)(hui)同(tong)(tong)’前(qian)面的主體(ti)是(shi)牽頭者,‘會(hui)(hui)(hui)同(tong)(tong)’前(qian)面的主體(ti)是(shi)到場者,兩邊(bian)需協(xie)商分(fen)歧(qi)(qi),配(pei)合(he)(he)擬定(ding)(ding)、宣布標(biao)準性(xing)文(wen)件(jian)或作(zuo)出其余步履”和《收(shou)羅定(ding)(ding)見(jian)稿(gao)》第十(shi)條的劃定(ding)(ding),“會(hui)(hui)(hui)同(tong)(tong)”該當懂得(de)為“協(xie)商分(fen)歧(qi)(qi)、配(pei)合(he)(he)作(zuo)出”。是(shi)以,倡(chang)議將這兩款(kuan)歸并,可點(dian)竄(cuan)成(cheng):“省(sheng)、自治區、直轄(xia)(xia)(xia)市(shi)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)在實(shi)行無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)臺設置(zhi)、利用(yong)(yong)允(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)時(shi),觸及水上(shang)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)頻次的,應(ying)(ying)會(hui)(hui)(hui)同(tong)(tong)國務院交通運(yun)(yun)輸(shu)主管部(bu)分(fen)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)理(li)(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)停止允(yun)(yun)(yun)許(xu)。”

其四,《收羅定見稿(gao)》第十(shi)二(er)條劃(hua)定,“向(xiang)無線(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機構提交頻(pin)次允許請求資料。”因為該(gai)句前面呈現了“國(guo)度無線(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機構”,前面又(you)有“交通運輸部無線(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機構”,致使(shi)該(gai)句中的(de)“無線(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機構”指向(xiang)不明(ming),且(qie)影響該(gai)句的(de)全體寄義。倡議點竄(cuan)成“向(xiang)《中華國(guo)民共和國(guo)無線(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)條例》第十(shi)四條劃(hua)定的(de)無線(xian)電(dian)辦(ban)(ban)理(li)機構提交頻(pin)次允許請求資料”。

其五,《收羅定(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)見(jian)稿(gao)》第十六(liu)條與(yu)《中(zhong)華國民共(gong)和(he)國無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電辦(ban)理(li)條例(li)》第二十六(liu)條的(de)表述分(fen)歧。一(yi)方面,這類(lei)“反(fan)復立法”意思不(bu)大。另外一(yi)方面,水上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電頻(pin)次(ci)由地(di)點(dian)地(di)省、自治區、直(zhi)轄(xia)市無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電辦(ban)理(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)會同(tong)國務(wu)院(yuan)(yuan)交(jiao)(jiao)通運(yun)輸(shu)(shu)主(zhu)管部(bu)分(fen)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電辦(ban)理(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)實行允(yun)許(xu),觸及兩個機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou),而撤(che)消水上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電公(gong)用頻(pin)次(ci)利(li)用允(yun)許(xu)、發(fa)出(chu)水上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電公(gong)用頻(pin)次(ci)亦是如斯(si),確有須(xu)要進一(yi)步作(zuo)出(chu)更明(ming)白的(de)劃(hua)定(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)。《收羅定(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)見(jian)稿(gao)》第五條劃(hua)定(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)“國務(wu)院(yuan)(yuan)交(jiao)(jiao)通運(yun)輸(shu)(shu)主(zhu)管部(bu)分(fen)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電辦(ban)理(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)擔任(ren)交(jiao)(jiao)通行業水上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電數(shu)據(ju)勾當和(he)數(shu)據(ju)寧(ning)靜羈系任(ren)務(wu)”。是以,倡(chang)議(yi)《收羅定(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)見(jian)稿(gao)》第十六(liu)條點(dian)竄成:“除因不(bu)可抗力外,獲得(de)水上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電公(gong)用頻(pin)次(ci)利(li)用允(yun)許(xu)后跨(kua)越2年不(bu)利(li)用或利(li)用率(lv)達不(bu)到允(yun)許(xu)證劃(hua)定(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)請求的(de),國務(wu)院(yuan)(yuan)交(jiao)(jiao)通運(yun)輸(shu)(shu)主(zhu)管部(bu)分(fen)無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電辦(ban)理(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)查證確認后,可會同(tong)地(di)點(dian)地(di)省、自治區、直(zhi)轄(xia)市無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電辦(ban)理(li)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)撤(che)消水上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電公(gong)用頻(pin)次(ci)利(li)用允(yun)許(xu),發(fa)出(chu)水上無(wu)(wu)線(xian)電公(gong)用頻(pin)次(ci)。”(作(zuo)者單元:華北(bei)電力大學(xue)法政系)

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